AKHMETELI, ALEXANDER (SANDRO) (1886–1937). Georgian stage director and co-founder of the Georgian theater. The son of a priest, he was born in the village of Anaga and graduated with a law degree from St. Petersburg University in 1916. During his studies, he became involved with the theater and worked as a theater critic after 1909. In 1919, he made his theater debut with Tkmuleba Shota Rustavelze and in 1920, he directed his first stage production, Berdo Zmania. Four years later he became chief stage director at the Rustaveli Theater in Tbilisi. From 1926–1935, he was chief artistic director of the theater. He helped establish a theatrical group, Duruji, in 1924. He produced numerous theater and opera productions, including Glebov’s Zagmuk (1926), Shiukashvili’s Amerikeli bidza (1926), Lortkipanidze’s Ati dghe (1927), Shanshiashvili’s Anzor (1928), Kirshon’s City of the Winds (1929), Dadiani’s Tetnuldi (1931), and Mirtskhulava’s Gangashi (1931). Akhmeteli was instrumental in developing the modern Georgian theater and establishing the reputation of the Rustaveli Theater. Unfortunately, he perished during the Stalinist purges in 1937.